How does the ministry of education USA manage their education system? the main characteristic of education in the USA is the highlight of decentralization. Federal governments don’t have duties to control or provide education for the society. However, they support it completely even if the education is purposed for disabled people and minorities. The government also supports completely research and observation since it will improve the nation itself. Meanwhile, they provide the fund as well as access for the poor.
Purposes of Education in the USA
There are at least 5 main purposes of education in the USA. What are they? First of all, it is to reach the unity of diversity. As you know, the US is one of the most diverse countries in the world. It is based on the fact that many foreigners are coming every year and even if they want to be citizens there. Second, it is to develop them and realize practices of democracy. Yes, democracy is the main political system in the country.
Third, the education in the USA is also expected to help individual developments. Personally, each people need to develop and improve themselves for a better future. Sure, the country can get benefits from this matter. Fourth, the government also wants to improve the education system in order to fix the social condition in the country. Although the US is one of the most developed countries, many citizens are still under the line of poverty. Lastly, when all the purposes mentioned above are gained, it fastens the development of the country, in general.
Structures and Types of Education in the US
Despite those purposes, the minister of education in the country also provides some structures and types of education in the US. Each of the state prepares free education in 12 years starting from kindergarten to high schools. In the first pattern, a student needs to graduate when he or she is 17-18 years old. Besides, there is also an informal education system supported by private companies and institutions.
The Management of Education in the US
In the history of the US, education is under the responsibility of the state government and people in the area. But starting from 1872, the central government also plays important roles including providing areas to build schools. Meanwhile, in 1979, the federal education department was also established led by a leader with the same level of the cabinet’s secretary.